Things used in this project

Hardware components:
11026 02
Jumper wires (generic)
×1
Microsoft Windows 10 PC
×1
12577 01
SparkFun Bluetooth Modem - BlueSMiRF Silver
×1
A000066 iso both
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
You can use any type of Arduino. But in this sample we will use Arduino UNO
×1
12002 04
Breadboard (generic)
×1
09590 01
LED (generic)
×1
Resistor
×2
Y3rox5kdo8qgc9laatzq
Arduino WiFi shield
For Network, use the Wi-Fi shield
×1
Software apps and online services:
Ide web
Arduino IDE
Microsoft Windows Remote Arduino Experience

Schematics

Wiring Diagram
Final 33oco8bbrq

Code

Arduino WiFi shield appArduino
/*
 * Firmata is a generic protocol for communicating with microcontrollers
 * from software on a host computer. It is intended to work with
 * any host computer software package.
 *
 * To download a host software package, please clink on the following link
 * to open the download page in your default browser.
 *
 * http://firmata.org/wiki/Download
 */

/*
  Copyright (C) 2006-2008 Hans-Christoph Steiner.  All rights reserved.
  Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Paul Stoffregen.  All rights reserved.
  Copyright (C) 2009 Shigeru Kobayashi.  All rights reserved.
  Copyright (C) 2009-2011 Jeff Hoefs.  All rights reserved.

  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
  version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

  See file LICENSE.txt for further informations on licensing terms.

  formatted using the GNU C formatting and indenting
*/

#include <Servo.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Firmata.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <WiFi.h>
#include "WiFiStream.h"

// move the following defines to Firmata.h?
#define I2C_WRITE B00000000
#define I2C_READ B00001000
#define I2C_READ_CONTINUOUSLY B00010000
#define I2C_STOP_READING B00011000
#define I2C_READ_WRITE_MODE_MASK B00011000
#define I2C_10BIT_ADDRESS_MODE_MASK B00100000

#define MAX_QUERIES 8
#define MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL 10

#define REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED -1

/*==============================================================================
 * WiFi Settings
 *============================================================================*/
 
/* 
 * NOTE: The WiFi library is designed for the Arduino WiFi shield.
 * This shield uses pins 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13 (also pin 4 when using the SD card).
 * you MUST NOT manipulate these pins when using this sketch
 */
 
//replace this with your wireless network SSID
char ssid[] = "my_network";

/*
 * if you do not want to use a static IP (v4) address, comment the line below. You can also change the IP.
 * if this line is commented out, the WiFi shield will attempt to get an IP from the DHCP server
 */
#define STATIC_IP_ADDRESS 192,168,2,100

//define your port number here, you will need this to open a TCP connection to your Arduino
#define PORT 5000;

/*
 * uncomment all three of the below if using WEP security.
 *   - Here, the value of wep_index must be 0, 1, 2 or 3.
 *   - Keys must be either 5 or 13 bytes long (10 or 26 hex characters) depending on the key type.
 */
//#define USING_WEP 1
//byte wep_index = 0
//char wep_key[] = "CAFEBABE01";

/*
 * uncomment both of the below if using WPA security.
 * The value of the WPA define does not matter
 */
//#define USING_WPA 1
//char wpa_passphrase[] = "my_secret_passphrase";


/*==============================================================================
 * GLOBAL VARIABLES
 *============================================================================*/
 
/* wifi-related variables */
WiFiStream wifiStream;

#ifdef STATIC_IP_ADDRESS
  IPAddress ip(STATIC_IP_ADDRESS);
#endif

int port = PORT;

/* analog inputs */
int analogInputsToReport = 0; // bitwise array to store pin reporting

/* digital input ports */
byte reportPINs[TOTAL_PORTS];       // 1 = report this port, 0 = silence
byte previousPINs[TOTAL_PORTS];     // previous 8 bits sent

/* pins configuration */
byte pinConfig[TOTAL_PINS];         // configuration of every pin
byte portConfigInputs[TOTAL_PORTS]; // each bit: 1 = pin in INPUT, 0 = anything else
int pinState[TOTAL_PINS];           // any value that has been written

/* timer variables */
unsigned long currentMillis;        // store the current value from millis()
unsigned long previousMillis;       // for comparison with currentMillis
int samplingInterval = 19;          // how often to run the main loop (in ms)

/* i2c data */
struct i2c_device_info {
  byte addr;
  byte reg;
  byte bytes;
};

/* for i2c read continuous more */
i2c_device_info query[MAX_QUERIES];

byte i2cRxData[32];
boolean isI2CEnabled = false;
signed char queryIndex = -1;
unsigned int i2cReadDelayTime = 0;  // default delay time between i2c read request and Wire.requestFrom()

Servo servos[MAX_SERVOS];
/*==============================================================================
 * FUNCTIONS
 *============================================================================*/

void readAndReportData(byte address, int theRegister, byte numBytes) {
  // allow I2C requests that don't require a register read
  // for example, some devices using an interrupt pin to signify new data available
  // do not always require the register read so upon interrupt you call Wire.requestFrom()
  if (theRegister != REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED) {
    Wire.beginTransmission(address);
#if ARDUINO >= 100
    Wire.write((byte)theRegister);
#else
    Wire.send((byte)theRegister);
#endif
    Wire.endTransmission();
    // do not set a value of 0
    if (i2cReadDelayTime > 0) {
      // delay is necessary for some devices such as WiiNunchuck
      delayMicroseconds(i2cReadDelayTime);
    }
  } else {
    theRegister = 0;  // fill the register with a dummy value
  }

  Wire.requestFrom(address, numBytes);  // all bytes are returned in requestFrom

  // check to be sure correct number of bytes were returned by slave
  if (numBytes == Wire.available()) {
    i2cRxData[0] = address;
    i2cRxData[1] = theRegister;
    for (int i = 0; i < numBytes; i++) {
#if ARDUINO >= 100
      i2cRxData[2 + i] = Wire.read();
#else
      i2cRxData[2 + i] = Wire.receive();
#endif
    }
  }
  else {
    if (numBytes > Wire.available()) {
      Firmata.sendString("I2C Read Error: Too many bytes received");
    } else {
      Firmata.sendString("I2C Read Error: Too few bytes received");
    }
  }

  // send slave address, register and received bytes
  Firmata.sendSysex(SYSEX_I2C_REPLY, numBytes + 2, i2cRxData);
}

void outputPort(byte portNumber, byte portValue, byte forceSend)
{
  // pins not configured as INPUT are cleared to zeros
  portValue = portValue & portConfigInputs[portNumber];
  // only send if the value is different than previously sent
  if (forceSend || previousPINs[portNumber] != portValue) {
    Firmata.sendDigitalPort(portNumber, portValue);
    previousPINs[portNumber] = portValue;
  }
}

/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * check all the active digital inputs for change of state, then add any events
 * to the Serial output queue using Serial.print() */
void checkDigitalInputs(void)
{
  /* Using non-looping code allows constants to be given to readPort().
   * The compiler will apply substantial optimizations if the inputs
   * to readPort() are compile-time constants. */
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 0 && reportPINs[0]) outputPort(0, readPort(0, portConfigInputs[0]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 1 && reportPINs[1]) outputPort(1, readPort(1, portConfigInputs[1]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 2 && reportPINs[2]) outputPort(2, readPort(2, portConfigInputs[2]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 3 && reportPINs[3]) outputPort(3, readPort(3, portConfigInputs[3]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 4 && reportPINs[4]) outputPort(4, readPort(4, portConfigInputs[4]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 5 && reportPINs[5]) outputPort(5, readPort(5, portConfigInputs[5]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 6 && reportPINs[6]) outputPort(6, readPort(6, portConfigInputs[6]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 7 && reportPINs[7]) outputPort(7, readPort(7, portConfigInputs[7]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 8 && reportPINs[8]) outputPort(8, readPort(8, portConfigInputs[8]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 9 && reportPINs[9]) outputPort(9, readPort(9, portConfigInputs[9]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 10 && reportPINs[10]) outputPort(10, readPort(10, portConfigInputs[10]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 11 && reportPINs[11]) outputPort(11, readPort(11, portConfigInputs[11]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 12 && reportPINs[12]) outputPort(12, readPort(12, portConfigInputs[12]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 13 && reportPINs[13]) outputPort(13, readPort(13, portConfigInputs[13]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 14 && reportPINs[14]) outputPort(14, readPort(14, portConfigInputs[14]), false);
  if (TOTAL_PORTS > 15 && reportPINs[15]) outputPort(15, readPort(15, portConfigInputs[15]), false);
}

// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/* sets the pin mode to the correct state and sets the relevant bits in the
 * two bit-arrays that track Digital I/O and PWM status
 */
void setPinModeCallback(byte pin, int mode)
{
  if (pinConfig[pin] == I2C && isI2CEnabled && mode != I2C) {
    // disable i2c so pins can be used for other functions
    // the following if statements should reconfigure the pins properly
    disableI2CPins();
  }
  if (IS_PIN_SERVO(pin) && mode != SERVO && servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].attached()) {
    servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].detach();
  }
  if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
    reportAnalogCallback(PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin), mode == ANALOG ? 1 : 0); // turn on/off reporting
  }
  if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
    if (mode == INPUT) {
      portConfigInputs[pin / 8] |= (1 << (pin & 7));
    } else {
      portConfigInputs[pin / 8] &= ~(1 << (pin & 7));
    }
  }
  pinState[pin] = 0;
  switch (mode) {
    case ANALOG:
      if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
        if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
          pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), INPUT); // disable output driver
          digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW); // disable internal pull-ups
        }
        pinConfig[pin] = ANALOG;
      }
      break;
    case INPUT:
      if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
        pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), INPUT); // disable output driver
        digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW); // disable internal pull-ups
        pinConfig[pin] = INPUT;
      }
      break;
    case OUTPUT:
      if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
        digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW); // disable PWM
        pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), OUTPUT);
        pinConfig[pin] = OUTPUT;
      }
      break;
    case PWM:
      if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin)) {
        pinMode(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), OUTPUT);
        analogWrite(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), 0);
        pinConfig[pin] = PWM;
      }
      break;
    case SERVO:
      if (IS_PIN_SERVO(pin)) {
        pinConfig[pin] = SERVO;
        if (!servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].attached()) {
          servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].attach(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin));
        }
      }
      break;
    case I2C:
      if (IS_PIN_I2C(pin)) {
        // mark the pin as i2c
        // the user must call I2C_CONFIG to enable I2C for a device
        pinConfig[pin] = I2C;
      }
      break;
    default:
      Firmata.sendString("Unknown pin mode"); // TODO: put error msgs in EEPROM
  }
  // TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
}

void analogWriteCallback(byte pin, int value)
{
  if (pin < TOTAL_PINS) {
    switch (pinConfig[pin]) {
      case SERVO:
        if (IS_PIN_SERVO(pin))
          servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].write(value);
        pinState[pin] = value;
        break;
      case PWM:
        if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin))
          analogWrite(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), value);
        pinState[pin] = value;
        break;
    }
  }
}

void digitalWriteCallback(byte port, int value)
{
  byte pin, lastPin, mask = 1, pinWriteMask = 0;

  if (port < TOTAL_PORTS) {
    // create a mask of the pins on this port that are writable.
    lastPin = port * 8 + 8;
    if (lastPin > TOTAL_PINS) lastPin = TOTAL_PINS;
    for (pin = port * 8; pin < lastPin; pin++) {
      // do not disturb non-digital pins (eg, Rx & Tx)
      if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
        // only write to OUTPUT and INPUT (enables pullup)
        // do not touch pins in PWM, ANALOG, SERVO or other modes
        if (pinConfig[pin] == OUTPUT || pinConfig[pin] == INPUT) {
          pinWriteMask |= mask;
          pinState[pin] = ((byte)value & mask) ? 1 : 0;
        }
      }
      mask = mask << 1;
    }
    writePort(port, (byte)value, pinWriteMask);
  }
}


// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/* sets bits in a bit array (int) to toggle the reporting of the analogIns
 */
//void FirmataClass::setAnalogPinReporting(byte pin, byte state) {
//}
void reportAnalogCallback(byte analogPin, int value)
{
  if (analogPin < TOTAL_ANALOG_PINS) {
    if (value == 0) {
      analogInputsToReport = analogInputsToReport &~ (1 << analogPin);
    } else {
      analogInputsToReport = analogInputsToReport | (1 << analogPin);
    }
  }
  // TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
}

void reportDigitalCallback(byte port, int value)
{
  if (port < TOTAL_PORTS) {
    reportPINs[port] = (byte)value;
  }
  // do not disable analog reporting on these 8 pins, to allow some
  // pins used for digital, others analog.  Instead, allow both types
  // of reporting to be enabled, but check if the pin is configured
  // as analog when sampling the analog inputs.  Likewise, while
  // scanning digital pins, portConfigInputs will mask off values from any
  // pins configured as analog
}

/*==============================================================================
 * SYSEX-BASED commands
 *============================================================================*/

void sysexCallback(byte command, byte argc, byte *argv)
{
  byte mode;
  byte slaveAddress;
  byte slaveRegister;
  byte data;
  unsigned int delayTime;

  switch (command) {
    case I2C_REQUEST:
      mode = argv[1] & I2C_READ_WRITE_MODE_MASK;
      if (argv[1] & I2C_10BIT_ADDRESS_MODE_MASK) {
        Firmata.sendString("10-bit addressing mode is not yet supported");
        return;
      }
      else {
        slaveAddress = argv[0];
      }

      switch (mode) {
        case I2C_WRITE:
          Wire.beginTransmission(slaveAddress);
          for (byte i = 2; i < argc; i += 2) {
            data = argv[i] + (argv[i + 1] << 7);
#if ARDUINO >= 100
            Wire.write(data);
#else
            Wire.send(data);
#endif
          }
          Wire.endTransmission();
          delayMicroseconds(70);
          break;
        case I2C_READ:
          if (argc == 6) {
            // a slave register is specified
            slaveRegister = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7);
            data = argv[4] + (argv[5] << 7);  // bytes to read
            readAndReportData(slaveAddress, (int)slaveRegister, data);
          }
          else {
            // a slave register is NOT specified
            data = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7);  // bytes to read
            readAndReportData(slaveAddress, (int)REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED, data);
          }
          break;
        case I2C_READ_CONTINUOUSLY:
          if ((queryIndex + 1) >= MAX_QUERIES) {
            // too many queries, just ignore
            Firmata.sendString("too many queries");
            break;
          }
          queryIndex++;
          query[queryIndex].addr = slaveAddress;
          query[queryIndex].reg = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7);
          query[queryIndex].bytes = argv[4] + (argv[5] << 7);
          break;
        case I2C_STOP_READING:
          byte queryIndexToSkip;
          // if read continuous mode is enabled for only 1 i2c device, disable
          // read continuous reporting for that device
          if (queryIndex <= 0) {
            queryIndex = -1;
          } else {
            // if read continuous mode is enabled for multiple devices,
            // determine which device to stop reading and remove it's data from
            // the array, shifiting other array data to fill the space
            for (byte i = 0; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
              if (query[i].addr = slaveAddress) {
                queryIndexToSkip = i;
                break;
              }
            }

            for (byte i = queryIndexToSkip; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
              if (i < MAX_QUERIES) {
                query[i].addr = query[i + 1].addr;
                query[i].reg = query[i + 1].addr;
                query[i].bytes = query[i + 1].bytes;
              }
            }
            queryIndex--;
          }
          break;
        default:
          break;
      }
      break;
    case I2C_CONFIG:
      delayTime = (argv[0] + (argv[1] << 7));

      if (delayTime > 0) {
        i2cReadDelayTime = delayTime;
      }

      if (!isI2CEnabled) {
        enableI2CPins();
      }

      break;
    case SERVO_CONFIG:
      if (argc > 4) {
        // these vars are here for clarity, they'll optimized away by the compiler
        byte pin = argv[0];
        int minPulse = argv[1] + (argv[2] << 7);
        int maxPulse = argv[3] + (argv[4] << 7);

        if (IS_PIN_SERVO(pin)) {
          if (servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].attached())
            servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].detach();
          servos[PIN_TO_SERVO(pin)].attach(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), minPulse, maxPulse);
          setPinModeCallback(pin, SERVO);
        }
      }
      break;
    case SAMPLING_INTERVAL:
      if (argc > 1) {
        samplingInterval = argv[0] + (argv[1] << 7);
        if (samplingInterval < MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL) {
          samplingInterval = MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL;
        }
      } else {
        //Firmata.sendString("Not enough data");
      }
      break;
    case EXTENDED_ANALOG:
      if (argc > 1) {
        int val = argv[1];
        if (argc > 2) val |= (argv[2] << 7);
        if (argc > 3) val |= (argv[3] << 14);
        analogWriteCallback(argv[0], val);
      }
      break;
    case CAPABILITY_QUERY:
      Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
      Firmata.write(CAPABILITY_RESPONSE);
      for (byte pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
        if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
          Firmata.write((byte)INPUT);
          Firmata.write(1);
          Firmata.write((byte)OUTPUT);
          Firmata.write(1);
        }
        if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
          Firmata.write(ANALOG);
          Firmata.write(10);
        }
        if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin)) {
          Firmata.write(PWM);
          Firmata.write(8);
        }
        if (IS_PIN_SERVO(pin)) {
          Firmata.write(SERVO);
          Firmata.write(14);
        }
        if (IS_PIN_I2C(pin)) {
          Firmata.write(I2C);
          Firmata.write(1);  // to do: determine appropriate value
        }
        Firmata.write(127);
      }
      Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
      break;
    case PIN_STATE_QUERY:
      if (argc > 0) {
        byte pin = argv[0];
        Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
        Firmata.write(PIN_STATE_RESPONSE);
        Firmata.write(pin);
        if (pin < TOTAL_PINS) {
          Firmata.write((byte)pinConfig[pin]);
          Firmata.write((byte)pinState[pin] & 0x7F);
          if (pinState[pin] & 0xFF80) Firmata.write((byte)(pinState[pin] >> 7) & 0x7F);
          if (pinState[pin] & 0xC000) Firmata.write((byte)(pinState[pin] >> 14) & 0x7F);
        }
        Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
      }
      break;
    case ANALOG_MAPPING_QUERY:
      Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
      Firmata.write(ANALOG_MAPPING_RESPONSE);
      for (byte pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
        Firmata.write(IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin) ? PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin) : 127);
      }
      Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
      break;
  }
}

void enableI2CPins()
{
  byte i;
  // is there a faster way to do this? would probaby require importing
  // Arduino.h to get SCL and SDA pins
  for (i = 0; i < TOTAL_PINS; i++) {
    if (IS_PIN_I2C(i)) {
      // mark pins as i2c so they are ignore in non i2c data requests
      setPinModeCallback(i, I2C);
    }
  }

  isI2CEnabled = true;

  // is there enough time before the first I2C request to call this here?
  Wire.begin();
}

/* disable the i2c pins so they can be used for other functions */
void disableI2CPins() {
  isI2CEnabled = false;
  // disable read continuous mode for all devices
  queryIndex = -1;
  // uncomment the following if or when the end() method is added to Wire library
  // Wire.end();
}

/*==============================================================================
 * SETUP()
 *============================================================================*/

void systemResetCallback()
{
  // initialize a defalt state
  // TODO: option to load config from EEPROM instead of default
  if (isI2CEnabled) {
    disableI2CPins();
  }
  for (byte i = 0; i < TOTAL_PORTS; i++) {
    reportPINs[i] = false;      // by default, reporting off
    portConfigInputs[i] = 0;	// until activated
    previousPINs[i] = 0;
  }
  // pins with analog capability default to analog input
  // otherwise, pins default to digital output
  for (byte i = 0; i < TOTAL_PINS; i++) {
    if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(i)) {
      // turns off pullup, configures everything
      setPinModeCallback(i, ANALOG);
    } else {
      
      //this line is absolutely essential for WiFi as pin 7 is used for the handshaking pin
      //for the WiFi shield and is set to INPUT and HIGH by the WiFi library.
      if( i != 7 )
        // sets the output to 0, configures portConfigInputs
        setPinModeCallback(i, OUTPUT);
        
    }
  }
  // by default, do not report any analog inputs
  analogInputsToReport = 0;

  /* send digital inputs to set the initial state on the host computer,
   * since once in the loop(), this firmware will only send on change */
  /*
  TODO: this can never execute, since no pins default to digital input
        but it will be needed when/if we support EEPROM stored config
  for (byte i=0; i < TOTAL_PORTS; i++) {
    outputPort(i, readPort(i, portConfigInputs[i]), true);
  }
  */
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin( 9600 );
  while( !Serial );
  Serial.println("setup()");
  
  Serial.print("Attempting to connect to network: ");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  
  //determine if static IP is being used.
  #ifdef STATIC_IP_ADDRESS
    Serial.println("Using static IP ...");
    //you can also provide a static IP in the begin() functions, but this simplifies
    //ifdef logic in this sketch due to support for all different encryption types.
    wifiStream.config( ip );
  #else
    Serial.println("IP will be requested from DHCP ..."); 
  #endif
  
  
  #ifdef USING_WEP
    //using WEP encryption
    Serial.println("Using WEP Encyption ...");
    wifiStream.begin( ssid, wep_index, wep_key, port );
    
  #else
  
    #ifdef USING_WPA
      Serial.println("Using WPA Encyption ...");
      wifiStream.begin( ssid, wpa_passphrase, port );
      
    #else //OPEN network
      Serial.println("Connecting to an open network ...");
      wifiStream.begin( ssid, port );
      
    #endif //END USING_WPA
  #endif //END USING_WEP
  
  Serial.println("wifi setup done"); 
  
  Firmata.setFirmwareVersion(FIRMATA_MAJOR_VERSION, FIRMATA_MINOR_VERSION);

  Firmata.attach(ANALOG_MESSAGE, analogWriteCallback);
  Firmata.attach(DIGITAL_MESSAGE, digitalWriteCallback);
  Firmata.attach(REPORT_ANALOG, reportAnalogCallback);
  Firmata.attach(REPORT_DIGITAL, reportDigitalCallback);
  Firmata.attach(SET_PIN_MODE, setPinModeCallback);
  Firmata.attach(START_SYSEX, sysexCallback);
  Firmata.attach(SYSTEM_RESET, systemResetCallback);

  Firmata.begin( wifiStream );
  Serial.println("firmata setup done");   
  
  systemResetCallback();  // reset to default config
  
  printWifiStatus();
}


void printWifiStatus() {
  // print the SSID of the network you're attached to:
  Serial.print("SSID: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.SSID());

  // print your WiFi shield's IP address:
  IPAddress ip = WiFi.localIP();
  Serial.print("IP Address: ");
  Serial.println(ip);

  // print the received signal strength:
  long rssi = WiFi.RSSI();
  Serial.print("signal strength (RSSI):");
  Serial.print(rssi);
  Serial.println(" dBm");
}

/*==============================================================================
 * LOOP()
 *============================================================================*/
void loop()
{
  byte pin, analogPin;

  /* DIGITALREAD - as fast as possible, check for changes and output them to the
   * FTDI buffer using Serial.print()  */
  checkDigitalInputs();

  /* SERIALREAD - processing incoming messagse as soon as possible, while still
   * checking digital inputs.  */
  while (Firmata.available())
    Firmata.processInput();

  /* SEND FTDI WRITE BUFFER - make sure that the FTDI buffer doesn't go over
   * 60 bytes. use a timer to sending an event character every 4 ms to
   * trigger the buffer to dump. */

  currentMillis = millis();
  if (currentMillis - previousMillis > samplingInterval) {
    previousMillis += samplingInterval;
    /* ANALOGREAD - do all analogReads() at the configured sampling interval */
    for (pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
      if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin) && pinConfig[pin] == ANALOG) {
        analogPin = PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin);
        if (analogInputsToReport & (1 << analogPin)) {
          Firmata.sendAnalog(analogPin, analogRead(analogPin));
        }
      }
    }
    // report i2c data for all device with read continuous mode enabled
    if (queryIndex > -1) {
      for (byte i = 0; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
        readAndReportData(query[i].addr, query[i].reg, query[i].bytes);
      }
    }
  }
}
Windows Remote Arduino Experience App code

Credits

315922854b8b9d601de0d0238ddaf323
Super Kid

I am building the project with IoT with Windows (Windows On Devices). Also I have a tag: Break your heart for the beginner.

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